Language Arts

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    Unit 1 - Lesson 1             

     "Henry and Mudge: The First Book"

    During the next few weeks, we'll explore the theme Neighborhood Visit. Through our reading,we'll visit neighborhoods both imaginary and real, filled with friends to meet! As we read, we'll explore the Big Idea "There are different kindsof communities." This week we begin by reading about Henry's move into a new neighborhood. As we follow his search for a pet in the realistic fiction selection Henry and Mudge, we will think and talk about the question "Why is the order of events in a story important?" We will also read an informational text called All in the Family.

    This week's...

    Target Vocabulary: curly, straight, floppy, drooled, weighed, stood, collars, row

    Phonics Skills: Words with short a (can); words with short i (dig); cvc words (consonant, vowel, consonant) such as win

    Vocabulary Strategy: Alphabetical order

    Comprehension Skill: Sequence of events-tell the order in which things happen

    Comprehension Strategy: Infer/ predict-uses clues to figure out moreabout story parts

    Writing Focus: Write to narrate-sentences that tell atrue story

     

    Unit 1-Lesson 2

    "My Family"

    Throughout this unit, we are reading about different kinds of communities and the families who live in them. This week we will meet Camila in the informational text My Family. Camila is a real girl who shares special  times and happy celebrations with her family. We will also read Family Poems, poetry about families. As we read, we will be exploring answers to the question "How are families alike and different?"

    This week's...

    Target Vocabulary: remembered, porch, crown, spend, stuck, visit, cousin, piano

    Phonics Skills: Words with short a (hop), short u (fun), short e (hen); review CVC words (bat)

    Vocabulary Strategy: Using aglossary

    Comprehension Skill: Compare and contrast-tell how two things are alike or not

    Comprehension Strategy: Questions :ask questions about what you are reading

     Writing Focus: Write to narrate - friendly letter

     

    Unit 1-Lesson 3

    "Henry and Mudge: Under the Yellow Moon"

    By the end of the week, your child will know a lot more about communities. We will look for answers to the question "Why might an author write a story?" We'll read Henry and MudgeUnder the Yellow Moon, a realistic fiction selection about how Henry and Mudge explore their community in different ways. We'll also read Outdoor Adventures, a selection of e-mails between a girl and her grandmother as they discuss the seasonal changes in their community.

    This week's...

    Target Vocabulary: woods, turned, tops, chipmunks, busy, picked, south, grew

    Phonics Skills: Words with long a, (gate), long i (mine) (VCe); hard and soft sounds for c (car, cent)

    Vocabulary Strategy: Multiple-meaning words

    Comprehension Skill: Author's purpose- tell why an author writes a book

    Comprehension Strategy: Analyze/evaluate- tell how you feel about the text and why

    Writing Focus: Write to narrate- sentences that describe

     

    Unit 1 - Lesson 4             

     "Diary of a Spider"

    This week we'll explore the question "What might cause a story character to change?" We'll read a fun and fantastic story about Spider's family, friends, school, and favorite places to play in Diary of a Spider. Along with this humorous fiction story, we will read A Swallow and aSpider, a traditional tale written in a read-aloud reader's theater format. Both stories will help us understand more about different kinds of communities.

    This week's...

    Target Vocabulary: rotten, sticky, insects, scare, judge, screaming, dangerous, breeze

     Phonics Skills: Words with long o (rose), long u (dune), long e (Pete) (VCe);

                                hard and soft sounds for (giraffe, goose)

    Vocabulary Strategy: Context clues

    Comprehension Skill: Cause and effect-tell how one event makes another happen

    Comprehension Strategy: Summarize, stop to tell important events as you read

    Writing Focus: Write to narrate- .prewrite a true story (Reading/Writing Workshop)

     

    Unit 1 - Lesson 5             

     "Teacher's Pets"

    This week we'll explore another kind of neighborhood--the classroom! We'll consider the question "What clues tell you where and when a story takes place?" We'll begin with Teacher's Pets, a realistic fiction story about Miss Fry's classroom. It's a lively place for students and animals alike! Then we'll See Westburg by Bus! as we read an informational text about this interesting community.

     

    This week's...

    Target Vocabulary: share, noticed, suddenly, bursting, noises, wonderful, quiet, sprinkled 

    Phonics Skills: Consonant blends with r, l, and s, including triple blends (burst, trucks, split)

    Vocabulary Strategy: Base words and endings -ed, -ing

    Comprehension Skill: Story structure- tell the setting, character, and plot in a story

    Comprehension Strategy: Visualize- picture what is happening as you read

    Writing Focus: Write to narrate- draft/edit a true story (Reading/Writing Workshop)

     

    Unit 2 - Lesson 6

    "Animal Homes"

    During the next few weeks, we'll explore the theme Nature Watch. We'll learn about different kinds of plants, animals, gardens, and weather while considering the Big Idea "Nature can teach us many things." We'll begin by exploring the question "How can chapter headings help you?" We'll read an informational text called Animals Building Homes that tells about different types of animal homes around the world. Then we'll have fun with the play Hiding at the Pond. What animals might have homes in a pond?

     

    This week's...

    Target Vocabulary: beaks, break, deepest, hang, pond, shaped, winding, branches 

    Phonics Skills: Common final blends nd, ng, nk, nt, ft, xt, mp

    Vocabulary Strategy: Base words and prefixes un- (means "not" or "undo") and

                                          re- (means "again")

    Comprehension Skill: Text and graphic features-tell how words work with art

    Comprehension Strategy: Question-ask questions about what you are reading

    Writing Focus: Write to inform- informational paragraph

     

    Unit 2 - Lesson 7

    "The Ugly Vegetables"

    This week we will find out more about our Big Idea: "Nature can teach us many things." We are going to read a realistic fiction story and an informational text that will help us answer the question "What helps you make decisions about a character?" In The Ugly Vegetables, a girl learns about her neighbors when she plants a garden. We'll also see some HUGE plants from real gardens when we read They Really Are GIANT!

     

    This week's...

    Target Vocabulary: blooming, muscles, nodded, plain, scent, shovels, tough, wrinkled

    Phonics Skills: Double consonants and ck; double consonants (CVC)

    Vocabulary Strategy: Homophones

    Comprehension Skill: Conclusions: use details to figure out more about thetext

    Comprehension Strategy: Analyze and Evaluate-tell how you feel about the text and why

    Writing Focus: Writing to inform: A summary paragraph

     

    Unit 2 - Lesson 8

    "Super Storms"

    This week we will explore all kinds of weather. We'll also explore the question "How do you know what a story is mostly about?" In the informational text Super Storms, we'll learn about several kinds of extreme weather. Then we will read Weather Poems, including "Night Drumming for Rain," "Leaves," and "Morning Sun."

     

    This week's ...

    Target Vocabulary: flash, equal, damage, reach, pounding, prevent, beware, bend

    Phonics Skills: Consonant digraphs th, sh, wh, ch, tch, ph; and base words with endings, -ed, -ing (no spelling changes)

    Vocabulary Strategy: Compound words

    Comprehension Skill: Main ideas and details-tell important ideas and details about a topic

    Comprehension Strategy: Visualize: picture what is happening as you read

    Writing Focus: Write to inform: informational paragraph

     

    Unit 2 - Lesson 9

    "How Chipmunk Got His Stripes"

    This week we are going to answer the question "What can you learn from the way a character acts?" First we'll read a folktale called How Chipmunk Got His Stripes. Then we'll read a traditional tale called Why Rabbits Have Short Tails. As we read, we'll keep talking about the Big Idea, "Nature can teach us many things."

     

    This Week:

    Target Vocabulary: curled, direction, healed, height, toward, tunnel, tease, brag

    Phonics Skills: Base words and endings -ed, -ing (including spelling change of drop final e);

    words with consonant vowel (CV) pattern

    Vocabulary Strategy: Synonyms

    Comprehension Skill: Understanding characters-tell more about characters

    Comprehension Strategy: Summarize: stop to tell Important events as you read

    Writing Focus: Write to Inform: prewrite instructions (ReadinIWriting Workshop)

     

    Unit 2 - Lesson 10

    "Jellies"

    This week we'll explore the question, "How do you know if something is a fact or an opinion?" We'll read two informational texts about the deep blue sea. The first selection, Jellies, features beautiful underwater photographs and fascinating facts about jellyfish. Then Meet Norbert Wu will introduce us to a man who makes his living photographing animals that live in the ocean. What an exciting-and wet-job!

     

    This Week:

    Target Vocabulary: decide, disgusting, drift, millions, simple, wrapped, choices, weaker

    Phonics Skills: Contractions

    Vocabulary Strategy: Base words and suffixes -er and -est (comparatives and superlatives)

    Comprehension Skill: Fact and opinion-tell if an idea can be proved or is a feeling

    Comprehension Strategy: Monitor/clarify-find ways to figure out what doesn't make sense

    Writing Focus: Write to inform-revise/ edit instructions (Reading/Writing Workshop)

     

    Unit 3 - Lesson 11

    "Click, Clack, Moo Cows That Type"

    During the next few weeks, we'll explore the theme Tell Me About It. Our reading selections in this unit focus on how we communicate with each other. From a fanciful tale of typing cows to artists from around the world, we'll read about the ways people share their ideas and feelings. As we read, we'll explore the Big Idea "We learn from each other." We'll begin this week with a humorous fiction story called Click, Clack, Moo: Cows That Type. Farmer Brown's cows have found a typewriter, and they're using it to demand better working conditions. What will Farmer Brown do? We'll also read about how real animals communicate in the informational text Talk About Smart Animals! Throughout the week we'll consider the question "What helps you make a decision about a character?"

    This Week...

    Target Vocabulary: problem, impossible, understand, impatient, furious, demand, gathered,

      believe

    Phonics Skills: Base words with endings -s, -es (including pronunciation and syllables)

    Vocabulary Strategy: Prefixes pre(means "before") and mis- (means "not" or "badly")

    Comprehension Skill: Conclusions: use details to figure out more about the text

    Comprehension Strategy: Infer/ predict-use clues to figure out more about the story parts or

      important ideas

    Writing Focus: Write to persuade: persuasive letter

     

    Unit 3 - Lesson 12

    "Violet's Music"

    This week we'll consider the question "How do you find important story characters?" First,we'll read Violet's Music, a realistic fiction story about a girl who loves making music with herfriends. Then we'll read Wolfgang Mozart, Child Superstar, a biography about the real life of this famous musician.

    This week's..

    Target Vocabulary: nursery, shake, smooth, whenever, hours, alone, real, museum

    Phonics Skills: Vowel digraphs ai, ay

    Vocabulary Strategy: Figurative language/idioms

    Comprehension Skill: Story structure: tell the setting, character, and plot in a story

    Comprehension Strategy: Question :  ask questions about what you are reading

    Writing Focus: Write to persuade: opinion paragraph

     

    Unit 3 - Lesson 13

    "Schools"

    This week we'll read about schools in other parts of the world and explore the question, "Why do authors write different kinds of texts?" In the informational text Schools Around the World, we'll learn about how schools in other parts of the world are the same and different. We'll also read a selection of poems about school in School Poems.

    This week's...

    Target Vocabulary: culture, community, languages, transportation, subjects, lessons, special,

    wear

    Phonics Skills: Vowel digraphs ee, ea (long esound)

    Vocabulary Strategy: Using a dictionary

    Comprehension Skill: Author's purpose-tell why an author writes a book

    Comprehension Strategy: Analyze / evaluate-tell how you feel about the text and why

    Writing Focus: Writing to Persuade: A persuasive paragraph

     

    Unit 3 - Lesson 14

    "Helen Keller"

    This week we'll ask, "How do you know when story ideas are important?" We'll read the biography of Helen Keller, who learned how to communicate with help from her devoted teacher. And we'll learn about other ways to communicate in the informational text Talking Tools.

    This week's...

    Target Vocabulary: curious, imitated, knowledge, motion, silence, illness, darkness, behavior

    Phonics Skills: Words with long o (o, oa, ow) [open, coat, bowl]

    Vocabulary Strategy: Suffix -ly (means "in a certain way")

    Comprehension Skill: Main ideas and details-tell important ideas and details about a topic

    Comprehension Strategy: Summarize-stop to tell important ideas as you read

    Writing Focus: Write to persuade-prewrite a persuasive essay (Reading/Writing Workshop)

     

    Unit 3 - Lesson 15

    "Officer Buckle and Gloria"

    This week we'll ask, "What might cause a story character to change?" IN the humorous fiction story Officer Buckle and Gloria, we'll read about teamwork between a police officer and his dog. We'll read about a different kind of teamwork in the play Safety at Home.

    This week's...

    Target Vocabulary: attention, buddy, obeys, speech, enormous, safety, shocked, station

    Phonics Skills: Compound word; schwa vowel sound (was)

    Vocabulary Strategy: Dictionary entry

    Comprehension Skill: Cause and effect-tell how one event makes another happen

    Comprehension Strategy: Monitor/clarify-find ways to figure out what doesn't make sense

    Writing Focus: Write to persuade- revise/edit persuasive essay (Reading/Writing Workshop)

     

    Unit 4 - Lesson 16

    Mr. Tanen's Tie Trouble

    During the next few weeks, we'll explore the theme Heroes and Helpers. As we'll discover, this category can include anyone from caped superheros to people you see everyday at work, at school, or in your own mirror! As we read, we'll discuss the Big Idea "We can all make a difference." In this first week, we'll meet Mr. Tanen, a school principal who uses his tie collection to help his school. Mr. Tanen's Tie Trouble is a realistic fiction story about a hero and a helper.

    This week's...

    Target Vocabulary: received, account, budget, disappointed, chuckled, staring, repeated,  fund

    Phonics Skills: Base words and endings -ed, -ing (including doubling the final consonant and /ed/, /t/, /d/, pronunciations for -ed)

    Vocabulary Strategy: Homographs

    Comprehension Skill: Story structure- tell the setting, character, and plot in a story

    Comprehension Strategy: Infer/predict-use clues to figure out more about story parts

    Writing Focus: Write to express-fictional narrative (story) paragraph

     

     

    Unit 4 - Lesson 17

    "Luke Goes to Bat"

    This week we'll explore the question "What words show the order of events in a story?" As we read the realistic fiction selection Luke Goes to Bat, we will find out about a boy who learns an important lesson with the help of his grandmother and the legendary baseball player Jackie Robinson. In the informational text, Jackie Robinson, we will learn more about this special American hero.

    This week's...

    Target Vocabulary: practice, hurried, position, roared, extra, curb, cheered, final

    Phonics Skills: Words with long i (igh, ie, y) such as sigh, tie, by

    Vocabulary Strategy: Antonyms

    Comprehension Skill: Sequence of events- tell the order in which things happen

    Comprehension Strategy: Visualize- picture what is happening as you read

    Writing Focus: Write to express-fictional narrative (story) paragraph

     

    Unit 4 - Lesson 18

    "My Name is Gabriela"

    This week we will ask, "What makes a character interesting?" First, we'll read My Name is Gabriela, a biography of Gabirela Mistral. Gabriela, a girl who loved to read, became the first Latin American woman to win a Nobel Prize. WE'll also read a few poems from the collection of poetry in Poems About Reading and Writing.

    This week's...

    Target Vocabulary: accepted, express, fluttering, grand, pretend, prize, wonder, taught

    Phonics Skills: Words with long e sound for y (sleepy); changing y to i (sleepier)

    Vocabulary Strategy: Suffixes -y and -ful

    Comprehension Skill: Understanding characters- tell more about characters

    Comprehension Strategy: Analyze/evaluate- tell how you feel about the text, and why

    Writing Focus: Write to express-fictional narrative paragraph (descriptive paragraph)

     

    Unit 4 - Lesson 19

    The Signmaker's Assistant

    This week we'll ponder the question "What can you learn from signs in your community?" In the humorous fiction story The Signmaker's Assistant, a town's residents learn that they can't always believe what they read. We'll also read the play The Trouble with Signs.

    This week's...

    Target Vocabulary: assistant, agreed, polite, failed, tearing, wisdom, trouble, cleared

    Phonics Skills: Words with r-controlled vowels ar (car)

    Vocabulary Strategy: Synonyms

    Comprehension Skill: Text and graphic features- tell how words work with art

    Comprehension Strategy: Question- ask questions about what you are reading

    Writing Focus: Write to express- prewrite a story: fictional narrative (Reading/Writing Work

     

    Unit 4 - Lesson 20

    Dex: The Heart of a Hero

    We're going to wrap up our Heroes and Helpers unit by exploring the question "How can stories be alike and different?" First, we'll read the fantasy story Dex: The Heart of a Hero, about a dog that becomes a superhero! We'll also learn about some real heroes in the informational text Heroes Then and Now.

     

     

    Unit 5 - Lesson 21

    Penguin Chick

    During the next few weeks, we will be exploring the theme Changes, Changes Everywhere. We will read about babies that grow up, making new friends, how plants grow-even how goat woolgets changed into a rug! As we read, we will explore the Big Idea "Living things change overtime." During this first week, we will read Penguin Chick, about emperor penguins and how they raise their babies. We'll also read about several animals in Animal Poems. Both of these selections will give us information to use as we think about the question "How do you know which facts are important?"

    This week's ...

    Target Vocabulary: finally, junior, otherwise, slippery, steer, waterproof, webbed, whistle

    Phonics Skills: Words with r-controlled vowels er (father), ir (bird), ur (nurse)

    Vocabulary Strategy: Dictionary entry

    Comprehension Skill: Main ideas and details-tell important ideas and details about a topic

    Comprehension Strategy: Infer/predict-use text clues to figure out important ideas

    Writing Focus: Write to inform-problem-solution paragraph

     

    Unit 5 - Lesson 22

    Gloria Who Might Be My Best Friend

    This week we will be talking about changing neighborhoods and making new friends. We will

    be exploring the question "What can you learn from a character's words and actions?" In the

    realistic fiction story Gloria Who Might Be My Best Friend, we'll find out what happens when

    a new girl moves next door to Julian. We'll also learn how to change simple supplies into a kite

    in the informational text How to Make a Kite.

    This week's ...

    Target Vocabulary: lonely, seriously, copy, heavily, planning, answered, guessed, knot

    Phonics Skills: Homophones; base words and endings -er, -est (including doubling of final consonant)

    Vocabulary Strategy: Figurative language/idioms

    Comprehension Skill: Understanding characters-tell more about characters

    Comprehension Strategy: Question : ask questions about what you are reading

    Writing Focus: Write to inform: compare- and-contrast paragraph

     

    Unit 5 - Lesson 23

    The Goat in the Rug

    We are still talking about the Big Idea that "Living things change over time." This week we will explore the question "What helps you make a decision about a character?" It definitely takes a long time to make a rug, as we will find out when we read the narrative nonfiction selectionThe Goat in the Rug. It also takes a long time to make a basket, which we will know more about after reading the informational text Basket Weaving. What else takes a long time to make?